Diagnosis and treatment
Before defining gender dysphoria, it is important to understand basic terminology:
When we refer to “sex”, we mean the biological indicators that tell us if a subject is a female or a male (chromosomes, genitalia, hormones…)
On the other hand, we refer to “gender” when we want to talk about the public lived role in society (which is usually the legally recognized one) as boy or girl, man or woman. Therefore, the “assigned gender” would be the initial assignment as male or female, that usually occurs at birth.
This way, we refer to “gender dysphoria” when there is a big distress and dissatisfaction due to an incongruence between one’s experienced or expressed gender and one’s assigned gender.
It is common that people with gender dysphoria suffer from anxiety disorders, depression, or other psychological disturbances directly related to the lack of public acceptance (social rejection, bullying…) or self-acceptance (guilt feelings, self-pity…).