ADHD is a disorder that begins in childhood and is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity, which affects different environments such as home, school, work…
They are typically restless, disorganized children, who tend to forget or lose belongings, who start tasks but do not finish them, who interrupt excessively when speaking, or who tend to make decisions without thinking about the consequences.
However, when they are participating in new or especially interesting activities, the symptoms may be minimal or even absent.
Some of these symptoms may be present in other disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder, or intermittent explosive disorder, among other conditions.
It is important to do a good clinical interview and examination so as not to confuse them.
Psychometric tests also help with the differential diagnosis.
Without treatment, ADHD in children is associated with poor school performance, poor academic achievement, and social rejection.
In adults, it is associated with lower work performance and success, greater absenteeism, interpersonal conflicts, and greater risk of substance use.
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